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Nutrition and Health Pages by Dr. Anil
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What are calories?

Calorie is a unit of measuring energy. One calorie is the energy that can raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree celsius.

When we talk about energy from foods, we generally use the term kilocalories (abbreviated as kCal), or simply make the first letter capital to signify a bigger unit (Calories).

Thus, 1000 caories = 1 Calorie.

The SI unit of energy is Joule (abbreviated as J)

1kcal = 4184 J

1 J = 0.24 kcal = 240 calories

The following table will give you an idea of how much calories a particular food contains.

Calories present in 100 grams of particular foods
Food Amount Calories
Sugar 100 grams 400
Cereal grains (uncooked)
(Wheat, Rice, Maize)
100 grams 350
Pulses (uncooked) 100 grams 350 - 400
Banana one 100
Mango one 100
Dates / raisins 100 grams 300
Milk (Buffalo) 100 grams 120
Milk (Cow) 100 grams 70
Milk (Goat) 100 grams 70
Milk (Human) 100 grams 65
Poultry egg one 70
Meat (cooked) 100 grams 400 - 450
Butter 100 grams 700 - 750


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This page last updated on:
April 13, 2005